The Ultimate Guide to Basketball Fouls and Violations

Learn the different types of fouls in basketball, including personal fouls, shooting fouls, technical fouls, and flagrant fouls. Understand the consequences of each type of foul and how they can affect a team’s chances of winning a game.

Get the most accurate and updated information by checking the official rulebook of the league you’re playing in. A foul is an infraction of the rules in basketball where a player makes illegal physical contact with an opposing player or non-incidental contact with the ball. This can include pushing, hitting, tripping, or holding an opponent, as well as certain types of contact with the ball.

1. Personal foul:

A personal foul is a type of foul that occurs when a player makes illegal physical contact with an opposing player. This can include pushing, hitting, tripping, or holding an opponent. Personal fouls can be committed by both offensive and defensive players, and result in free throws for the opposing team.

Click here to learn more about personal foul and consequences.

2. Shooting foul:

A shooting foul is a type of foul that occurs when a defensive player makes illegal contact with an offensive player who is in the act of shooting. This can include contact on the arm, hand, or body of the shooter, as well as a contact on the ball. Shooting fouls result in free throws for the opposing team, regardless of whether the shot was made or missed.

Click here to learn about shooting foul rules and penalties.

3. Technical foul:

A technical foul is a type of foul that occurs when a player or coach commits an infraction of the rules, such as unsportsmanlike conduct or violating the rules regarding timeouts or substitutions. Technical fouls result in free throws for the opposing team, and can also result in the disqualification of the player or coach who committed the foul, depending on the league and the severity of the infraction.

Click here to learn about technical foul and consequences.

4. Flagrant foul:

A flagrant foul is a type of foul that is considered excessive or unnecessary contact. These fouls can result in automatic ejection of the player and additional penalties for the team, such as fines and suspension.

Click here to learn about flagrant foul and penalties.

5. Offensive foul:

An offensive foul is a type of foul committed by an offensive player, usually when they charge into a defender who has established a legal position.

Click here to learn about offensive fouls and how to avoid them.

6. Defensive foul:

A defensive foul is a type of foul committed by a defensive player, usually when they make illegal contact with an offensive player, such as pushing, holding, or impeding their progress.

Click here to learn about defensive fouls and how to avoid them.

7. Loose ball foul:

A loose ball foul is a type of foul that occurs when a player makes illegal contact with an opposing player while going for a loose ball.

Click here to learn about loose fouls and how to avoid them.

8. Charging foul:

A charging foul is a type of foul committed by an offensive player when they run into a defender who has established a legal position.

Click here to learn about charging foul and how to avoid it.

9. Blocking foul:

A blocking foul is a type of foul committed by a defender when they make illegal contact with an offensive player who is trying to drive to the basket.

Click here to learn about blocking foul and smart tactics to avoid it.

10. illegal defense:

An illegal defense is a type of violation of the rules that occur when a team sets up a defense that is not allowed by the rules.

Click here to learn about illegal defense and how to avoid it.

11. illegal screen:

An illegal screen is a type of violation of the rules that occur when a player sets a screen that is not allowed by the rules.

Click here to learn about what makes a screen illegal & their consequences

12. Traveling:

A traveling is a violation of the rules that occurs when a player takes more than the allotted number of steps without dribbling the ball.

Click here to learn about rules and regulations, and how to avoid violations.

13. Double dribble:

A double dribble is a violation of the rules that occurs when a player dribbles the ball with both hands at the same time or starts a new dribble after stopping the first one.

14. Backcourt violation:

A backcourt violation is a violation of the rules that occurs when a team commits an infraction of the rules regarding the backcourt.

Click here to learn about what is a backcourt violation and how to prevent it.

15. Three seconds violation:

A three seconds violation is a violation of the rules that occurs when a player stays in the free-throw lane for more than three seconds while the ball is in play.

16. Five seconds violation:

A five seconds violation is a violation of the rules that occurs when a player holds the ball for more than five seconds without passing, shooting, or dribbling.

Click here to learn about five seconds violation and how to avoid it

17. 24-seconds violation:

A 24-seconds violation is a violation of the rules that occurs when a team fails to advance the ball past half-court within 24 seconds.

Click here to learn about 24-second violation and how to avoid it.

18. Palming:

Palming is a violation of the rules that occurs when a player carries the ball by holding it with their palm instead of their fingers.

Click here to learn about palming violation in basketball and how to avoid it.

19. Push off:

A push off is a violation of the rules that occurs when a player uses their off arm to create separation from a defender.

Click here to learn about push off and how to execute it.

20. Over the back:

Over the back is a violation of the rules that occurs when a player jumps on the back of an opposing player to get a rebound.

Click here to learn about over the back foul and how to avoid it.

Leave a Comment