The Ultimate Guide to Hand Signals in Volleyball

Effective communication is key in volleyball, and hand signals play a crucial role in conveying messages quickly and efficiently. This comprehensive guide covers all the essential hand signals and communication techniques used in volleyball.

Common Hand Signals in Volleyball

Serve Signals:

Before starting the service, the server may use hand signals to inform teammates about the intended type of serve. Common serve signals include indicating a short serve, a deep serve, or a specific area on the court to target.

Hitting Signals:

Hitters often use hand signals to communicate their desired hitting approach. For example, a quick hand motion might indicate a quick attack, while a slower gesture might signify a high ball or a tip.

Blocking Signals:

Blockers use hand signals to indicate their blocking strategy, such as single block, double block, or which side of the court they plan to defend.

Defensive Signals:

Defensive players employ hand signals to communicate shift in defensive positions, identify coverage areas, or call out specific defensive strategies like a dig or a roll shot coverage.

Setter Signals:

Setters are responsible for coordinating the offense, and they use hand signals to inform hitters about the type and location of the set. Signals may vary depending on the team’s play style and the setter’s preferences.

Out-of-System Signals:

When a team is unable to run its regular offensive plays due to a poor pass or other disruptions, hand signals can be used to indicate improvised plays and emergency strategies.


In volleyball, effective communication can be the deciding factor between victory and defeat. Hand signals offer a silent and efficient way for players to communicate during fast-paced matches. By implementing clear and consistent hand signals, teams can improve their coordination, response time, and overall performance on the court.

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