How Does Scoring Work in Football? A Beginner’s Guide

Football is a popular sport that is enjoyed by millions of people around the world. For beginners, understanding the scoring in football can be a bit confusing. However, once you understand the basics, it becomes easier to follow the game and appreciate the excitement that comes with it. In this article, we will guide you through the scoring in football, explaining each type of score, and how it is achieved.


A touchdown is the most common way to score in football. It happens when a player carries the ball into the opposing team’s end zone or catches a pass in the end zone. A touchdown is worth six points, and it is often followed by an extra point attempt.

Extra Points:

After a touchdown, the team has the option to attempt an extra point. The extra point can be earned by kicking the ball through the goal post or by running or throwing the ball into the end zone. A successful extra point attempt is worth one point.

Field Goals:

A field goal is scored when a team kicks the ball through the opponent’s goal posts. Field goals are usually attempted when a team is too far away from the end zone to score a touchdown. A successful field goal is worth three points.


A safety is a rare score that is awarded to a team when the opponent’s ball carrier is tackled in their own end zone. A safety is worth two points and is awarded to the defensive team.


In conclusion, understanding the scoring in football is essential to fully enjoy the game. Touchdowns, extra points, field goals, and safeties are the four ways to score in football. Each type of score has its own rules and strategies, which add to the excitement and complexity of the game. By following this beginner’s guide, you can understand the basics of scoring in football and watch the game with confidence.

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